Mission Objectives (MOs) quick overview

MO-01: Mission Development Log (MDL)

Every mission starts with an idea, often sketched out on a scrap of paper. To make it a reality, details are added and modified through discussions with all your team members. Those discussions and decisions need to be documented. Your Mission Development Log is the record of your mission that tells us about your activities. Document what you planned and tried, what worked and what didn’t.

MO-02: Crater formation and evolution
[Checkpoint challenge #1]

Vesta’s snowman feature is formed by three craters in a line. Did they form at the same time or at different times? Research the processes that form craters and come up with an experiment(s) to prove your hypothesis. Are there examples of craters on Earth?

MO-03: Search for signs of life
[Checkpoint challenge #2]

Asteroids and comets contain carbon compounds that are some of the building blocks of life. First, use gas detectors to survey your environment for some of these building blocks. Then, take a sample from the area and use a microscope to find living and non-living things. What adaptions have these creatures made to survive in these environments?

MO-04: Team mission patch
[Checkpoint challenge #3]

All missions have a patch that represents the team’s and the community’s values. Engage your creative side to design a patch that symbolizes your mission, your team, and your community.

MO-05: Make your map

This one’s for the geometers and set designers! We’ve provided the overall dimensions of the map and positions of key features. Teams will build their own version of this map, including at least some portions of the crater walls over which their robotic system must navigate. In building this map, students will become familiar with coordinate systems. Teams will need to include a ramp system mimicking the slopes of the craters so that their robotic system is able to move between the different craters.

MO-06: Drone / satellite flight

For the ROADS challenge, we can’t use a rocket (alas!) to travel to the asteroid site since the challenge is indoors. Instead, we’ll use a drone to simulate spaceflight and delivery of a satellite.

MO-07: Impactor drop

Teams will build an impactor, representative of the technologies used in Hayabusa 2 and DART, and deploy it at the snowman feature. The impactor will rest on a pedestal and must be triggered by your drone/satellite such that the impactor falls and hit the marked target.

MO-08: Map navigation

With the drone/satellite landed safely on the rover, navigation begins. Navigating across all three of the snowman craters, the rover must retrieve one sample and the team’s impactor. Both objects must be cached in the small crater at the head of the snowman feature.

MO-09 (DART division teams only): Expanded map navigation

In addition to MO-08, DART/high school teams must also travel outside the craters to collect an additional sample from the plains. Teams are required to use an auxiliary motor on the robot when collecting the plains sample.